Two such schools, the T'ien-t'ai and the Hua-Yen, hierarchically arranged the widely varying scriptures and doctrines that had come to China from India, giving preeminence to their own school and scripture. Branches of Madhyamika and Yogacara were also founded. Chinese Buddhism encountered resistance from Confucianism and Taoism, and opposition from the government, which was threatened by the growing power of the tax-exempt sangha.
The great persecution by the emperor Wu-tsung dealt Chinese Buddhism a blow from which it never fully recovered. The only schools that retained vitality were Zen and Pure Land, which increasingly fused with one another and with the native traditions, and after the decline of Buddhism in India, neo-Confucianism rose to intellectual and cultural dominance.
From China and Korea, Buddhism came to Japan.
Schools of philosophy and monastic discipline were transmitted first 6th cent. Zen and Pure Land grew to become popular movements after the 13th cent. After World War II new sects arose in Japan, such as the Soka Gakkai, an outgrowth of the nationalistic sect founded by Nichiren —82 , and the Risshokoseikai, attracting many followers. In the nineteenth century and especially in the twentieth century, Buddhism spread to the West, at first through immigrant Buddhists arriving from far East nations. It has spread to many Western born non-Asians in recent decades through conversion and now there are several thousand second and third generation Buddhists from non-Asian families in the West.
The number of Buddhists in the world as reported in various studies and encyclopedias, ranges from million to about 1. The lower figure ignores those who follow more than one religion or utilizes figures provided by communist governments who oppose any counting of religious adherents. The correct number is more toward the higher number of this range.
Shurangama Mantra: How to use Shurangama Mantra in real life
See Buddhists in the World. Introduction to Buddhism Spoken articles. Although relatively unknown in modern Tibet , there are several Shurangama Mantra texts in the Tibetan Buddhist canon. It is associated with Tangmi and Shingon Buddhism. It was again spoken by the Buddha before an assembly of various enlightened beings and dharmapala s. Possible spellings and their romanization s include:.
- Full text of "The Surangama Sutra With Commentary".
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Mandarin Chinese Wade-Giles Fo-ting ta pai-san-kai t'o-lo-ni-ching. Mandarin Chinese. Taisho T b. T a. T For an English translation from Khotanese , see Hoernle The dharani is not only extant in the Chinese text, but also in Sanskrit and Tibetan versions as well. Shurangama Sutra , Volume 6, p. The Shurangama Mantra, the longest in the Buddhist canon Tripitaka , contains 5 major Section and lines of Siddham Sanskrit of somewhat disparate topics, though with some overarching themes:.
In A. The classical outline for the Shurangama Sutra was compiled by Dharma Master Yuan Ying Shurangama Sutra, Volume I, page xii and categorizes the various parts of the Sutra text consisting of over 2, paragraphs to 1, entries. Shakyamuni Buddha explains the key points of the Mantra in the Shurangama Sutra :. Because the Thus Come Ones of the ten directions use this mantra-heart, they realize unsurpassed, proper, and all-pervading knowledge and enlightenment.
If that person wears the pouch on his body, or if he keeps a copy in his home, then you should know that even if he understands so little that he cannot recite it from memory, he will not be harmed by any poison during his entire life. Shurangama Sutra, Volume 6, , pp.
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Some English readers may find this particularly useful for devotional purposes. This is because it may seem easier to read directly from romanized Sanskrit script than from an English re-translation of the Chinese pinyin or other language translated versions of the Mantra. There is a difference in pronunciation between romanized Sanskrit syllables and that of English, e. Master Hsuan Hua Hua explains,. User Tools Log In.
Shurangama Sutra Vol 1 – Vol 8 Venerable Master Hsuan Hua
Site Tools Search. Table of Contents Basic Beliefs and Practices. Original Canonical Sources of the Shurangama Mantra. Introduction to the Shurangama Mantra. Structure and comparison with other works. Add to List.
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We're committed to providing low prices every day, on everything. So if you find a current lower price from an online retailer on an identical, in-stock product, tell us and we'll match it. See more details at Online Price Match. Email address. Please enter a valid email address. Then gradually the other sutras will also become extinct. Note: Several notes are Chinese, due to the international character of Wikipedia.
Help in translation is welcome. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Other traditions. Main articles. Dharma transmission Zen lineage charts Zen ranks and hierarchy Zen organisation and institutions Zen Narratives. Related schools. Huayan Tiantai Pure Land Buddhism. Huai Di studied Buddhist sutras and sastras for a long time, and achieved profound erudition. He was also proficient in a wide range of knowledge.
The Shurangama Sutra With Commentary: 008
Here close to the coast, there are many Indian monks who come here. Huai Di learned how to say and read their language with them. After the translation was finished, he returned to his hometown. Once he came to Guangzhou , he met a monk, whose name was unrecorded, from India with a Sanskrit book.
He asked Huai Di to translate this book, a total of ten volumes, which was Shurangama Sutra. Huai Di wrote this book and modified the wording. After the book was translated, the monk left, and no one knows where he went. An official went to southern China, bringing this book back, so it became known here. HuaiDi was invited to Luoyang. The translation was finished in CE. HuaiDi then went back to his hometown.
The Shurangama Sutra was translated after CE. He was then exiled from Luoyang to Guangxi Qinzhou in February, where he died. He travel, missionary, arrived china. He stayed at Guangxiao Temple in Guangxi. Because he was very knowledgeable, so many people came to visit him. To help people, so he determined not to keep secret.
mail.openpress.alaska.edu/28741-subaru-impreza.php After teach it all, he came back to his country. An official went to southern China, bringing this book back, so we see it here. Suzuki gives a detailed overview of the contents of the sutra in Manual of Zen Buddhism.
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Therefore eye and form are without self. The same [is true for the] remaining sense-fields. Form is also empty. Likewise [for the] remaining sense-fields. Surgangama Sutra PDF.